Copper(II) sulfate

Molecular formula:
CuSO4
Chemical compound:
copper(II) sulfate
Common name:
Other names:
copper (II) sulphate , cupric sulfate, blue vitriol (pentahydrate), bluestone (pentahydrate), bonattite (trihydrate mineral), boothite (heptahydrate mineral), chalcanthite (pentahydrate mineral), chalcocyanite (mineral)

CuSO4 – copper(II) sulfate – is a non-volatile, odorless, white crystalline substance. It usually forms crystals together with 5 molecules of water, forming CuSO4 * 5H2O crystallohydrate. It is widely used in agriculture. Bordeaux mixture is a suspension of CuSO4 and Ca(OH)2 used to prevent the growth of fungus on grapes, melons, and other berries. It is also used as an antiseptic and fungicidal agent to prevent rotting in wood. Copper sulfate can be utilized as a coloring ingredient in glasswork and pottery. Sometimes, blue CuSO4 is added to fireworks to create green sparkles!

Similar reagents

Experiments

Experiments with similar reagents

Hazard information

Hazard statements

  • Harmful if swallowed.
  • Very toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects.
  • Causes skin irritation.
  • Causes serious eye irritation.

Precautionary statements

  • Avoid release to the environment.
  • IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.
  • Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.