Ammonia solution, solution 10 %

Molecular formula:
Chemical compound:
Common name:

NH3 – ammonia – is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Its pungence led to its occasional use as a respiratory stimulant in cases of fainting conditions. But most ammonia is used to produce fertilizers (in the form of salts), explosives, polymers, nitric acid, and many other products of the chemical industry. Ammonia is constantly forming in all of the organs and tissues of the body, most actively in the nervous tissue, liver, intestines, and muscles. But since ammonia is a toxic compound, the body performs special reactions to neutralize it.

Hazard information

Hazard statements

  • Harmful if swallowed.
  • Very toxic to aquatic life.
  • Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
  • May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary statements

  • Avoid release to the environment.
  • Avoid breathing dust/fume/ gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
  • Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor.
  • IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.