Physics - Forces - Pushes and Pulls

In this MEL Academy lesson your children will:

  • learn how a plane stays up in the air
  • beat gravity using atmospheric pressure
  • see the effects of changing pressure
  • Learn a little about the life and times of Sir Isaac Newton and Galileo Galilea

Lesson time

8:00am   PST (San Francisco, Seattle, ...)
9:00am   MST (Phoenix, Denver, ...)
10:00am   CST (Chicago, Houston, ...)
11:00am   EST (New York, Toronto, ...)
4:00pm   GMT (London, ...)

Lesson duration: 45-55 minutes.

Prepare in advance

In this lesson, we will conduct several DIY experiments. Prepare in advance household materials shown below.

DIY Materials

  2x sheet of A4 paper
  smooth rimmed glass
  smooth plastic-coated card (e.g.playing card)
  big bowl or a basin
  hard-boiled peeled egg
  glass bottle with wide opening approx. 1cm smaller than the width of the egg
  access to hot water


Please, download and print this worksheet in advance. You’ll need to refer to it during the lesson.


This lesson is presented by Daniel Sullivan:

Daniel Sullivan

Daniel Sullivan is a hugely enthusiastic and experienced ex-head of science with over 20 years of teaching experience. He is now running a science teacher training company and is looking forward to engaging with students once again.